Are you a student worried about the possibility of being held back in a middle school grade? Are you concerned about the negative impacts of repeating a grade? Don’t worry; we’ve helped so many people like you overcome this fear. However, you need to understand how many classes you’ll need to fail to repeat a grade before seeking the right solutions. This article covers all of that, including some of the common reasons you could get held back in a grade apart from academic failure. Read on to find out more.
What Does Repeating a Grade Mean?
Otherwise referred to as grade retention or grade repetition, repeating a grade is a practice in which students have to repeat a grade level in school because of their inability to meet specific grade levels or preset benchmarks. Grade repetition, which is increasingly becoming popular, is one of the most debated practices in the educational system. Beyond holding back students for their academic performances, there have been several historical instances where well-meaning schools repeated students because they believed that repeating them would help him/her meet up with their peers socially.
It’s important to mention that critics often push against repeating grades on the basis that it restricts students from moving in with their peers. One alternative that’s also gaining popularity is social promotion. Social promotion allows for the obligatory promotion of students to a new class irrespective of their academic performance. Social promotion is more prevalent in places that practice grouping students according to their academic ability. Here, underperformance is addressed with remedial programs, summer school classes, etc.
Why Do Kids Get Held Back in School?
As explained earlier, holding kids back in a grade is becoming less common than it used to be because schools are finding more effective but less damning alternatives to grade retention. However, that doesn’t mean that it has been completely scrapped. If your school is considering making you repeat a grade, there’s definitely a reason for it. One of the most common reasons schools often recommend grade retention is a student showing the potential that he/she won’t do well in the next grade. Teachers adopt different methods to know a student’s academic ability and whether it is enough to see them through the next grade. However, beyond this primary reason, there are some other reasons why a school may recommend that you repeat a grade. Here, let’s review some of them.
A Student’s Academic Struggle
As explained above, one of the most common reasons schools recommends grade retention is students lagging behind in academic ability. A school would likely recommend grade repetition if they discover that a student finds it challenging to keep up with the academic pace needed to pull through the grade. The whole idea is for students to spend an extra year learning areas and subjects very difficult for them. This way, they can catch up in areas they are lagging behind. Additionally, going through the same academic work for a second time can help to improve a student’s understanding capability.
A Student’s Age
Although relatively uncommon, this is another reason why a school may recommend grade retention for a student. If your school perceives that you are too young or socially immature to handle the challenges that the next grade will throw at you, it may recommend that you stay back in your previous grade. Staying back for an extra year in a grade will help students catch up with the psychological and emotional maturity needed for the next grade.
Excessive Absence From School
Another common reason why schools recommend grade retention is continuous absence from school. Different schools have their attendance percentage for each grade. If a student fails to reach this percentage without adequate permission, the student may be asked to repeat the grade. While this is a popular scenario, some schools would instead adopt summer schooling as an alternative to help students meet up to the required attendance per grade.
Bear in mind that some states would even stop students from going to the next grade because they do not have specific skills. If you are unsure about the law in your school or state, we recommend talking to your school academic counselor to clarify what applies to your school.
What Happens If You Repeat a Grade in Middle School?
As expected, repeating a grade comes with its advantages for students, and that’s why schools would still recommend it, despite its seemingly damning effects. We know how depressing it can be knowing that you’ll not move to the next grade with your mates. However, understanding that there are some benefits to it can help you leverage them for the best. A lot happens when you repeat a grade, but we prefer to focus on the positives. Here let’s review some positives that repeating a grade in middle school would help you access.
More Time to Make Up For Missed Classes
One of the most common reasons for grade retention is excessive absence from school. We know that all the absence can stall a student’s academic development. Even if such students narrowly escape failing the grade, they’ll face so many challenges trying to cope with the pace of the next class. Therefore, it’s always imperative that students use the retention time to catch up with essential lessons they probably missed during their absence.
Struggling Students Can Catch Up With Academic Works
Students can also use this period to sharpen their skills. As expected, the next grade would require a new level of mental capacity to succeed. Without the necessary mental ability, a student would struggle in the next grade. So when a school recommends retention, it expects the student to use this period to develop their mental capacity for the next grade.
Immature Students Can Use This Time To Develop
There’s a reason why educational experts always recommend the average age for different classes. It is rightly considered that most underage students would not have the proper mental maturity to handle the academic works required for each class. However, there are situations where a student may get to a class without reaching the recommended age for that class. If a student’s academic struggle is because of this, then the extra year would offer them the opportunity to meet up.
What Are The Downsides?
Repeating a grade sounds like an excellent idea in the right circumstances, but it still has its downsides. Unfortunately, forcing a child to repeat a grade may cause more problems than it solves. We’ve seen situations where students develop confidence and social issues because they are asked to repeat a class. This makes them more likely to give up on school or even drop out altogether. Several studies show that middle and high school students would become discouraged from pursuing academic success if they do not go on with their graded level. Students who have been forced to repeat a grade may fall into various problems during and after the repetition phase.
One of such problems that students often face during the repetition phase is social isolation. Separating students from their classmates may cause them to struggle to remain friends. Overcoming this obstacle can be difficult, especially since the grade difference can change their positions in life over the coming years.
Even the initial academic gains may soon transform into adverse effects across different subject areas. Going over-familiar learning materials may be beneficial in the first year, but it would soon lead to substantial academic deterioration for the held-back students. In addition to that, repeating a grade may cause students to struggle well into adulthood, becoming more prone to welfare issues, low-income jobs, and jail-term.
How Many Classes Can You Fail in Middle School and Still Pass?
Middle schools operate on a slightly different principle from high school and elementary school. So, unlike high school, students can be held back for other reasons apart from not earning enough credits to move on. Therefore, a student may repeat a grade even if they escape failing any class. However, academic failure is the most common reason students get held back in middle school, and many students wonder how many classes they’ll fail to get held back in middle school.
In middle school, students may need to repeat a grade after failing two or more classes. Just like the elementary school system, students have individual classes but pass or fail the entire school year based on their performance in these individual classes.
Of course, you may escape repetition if you fail one class in a middle school grade. But once you fail up to two classes, the school would recommend repetition. Usually, your teachers, school counselors, and parents would meet to discuss the best potential solution. The most common options Include
- Social promotion
- Summer school
- Grade repetition
In most situations, summer school is usually the first choice since it usually means that students will simply retake the failed classes during the summer. Some schools even offer after-school classes to allow students to make up for the failed classes.
Depending on the district, a school may also use a social promotion or grade promotion as alternatives to summer schooling and after school when both do not work. The choice between the above options will mostly depend on the policies of the state or school district. Students of parents concerned about the policies in their school can refer to their student’s handbook to see how it works in their school.
How Many Times Can You Get Held Back in Middle School?
There’s no one-size-fits-all answer to this question as it typically depends on the jurisdiction. We would, however, assume for the purpose of this article that you are asking your question because you are interested in the public education system. For a start, it’s crucial we note that the state often has more control over public education compared to federal agencies. Therefore, most times, it’ll be up to the state authority to decide how long a child can be held back in middle school. Sometimes, factors like whether a kid attends public or private school would also play an important role.
To answer the question, the rule in most states allows students to only repeat a grade for two years. If this rule applies to your state, it would be almost impossible for a child to graduate in a traditional program after repeating a class more than twice. However, the school’s internal policy also plays a role when deciding how many times a student can be held back. For instance, a school can choose to hold a child back in a grade more than twice if it feels that this is the best decision for their academic development. But the decision process is usually very long, involving several essential questions.
Wrapping Things Up: How Many Classes Do You Have to Fail to Repeat a Grade in Middle School?
As a middle school student, it’s normal to get paranoid once in a while and worry about the possibility of failing a class or even repeating a grade. While it is possible to repeat a grade in middle school, you don’t have to live in constant fear, considering that you can avoid the circumstances leading to grade retention. For starters, you need to know what failing a grade entails and work towards avoiding it.
For most of this article, we’ve reviewed all the crucial points on avoiding grade retention. We’ve also reviewed how many classes you would fail to repeat a grade. Please note that the law for holding students back in a particular grade may vary from state to state. But the goal is always the same: to help students catch up in areas they may be lagging behind. If you have to repeat a grade for any reason, do not feel too terrible about it. Pick up the positives and move on.
If you found this post helpful, you’re definitely going to like our other middle school study tips here.
> How to Skip a Grade in Middle School?
> What to Expect in Middle School?